Literacy Tips‎ > ‎

Literacy Tip of the Week: Week of January 1st

posted Jan 4, 2017, 8:35 AM by Courtney Richardson

12 Comprehension Strategies

Teaching comprehension doesn’t have to be complicated. Although some teachers have been led to believe that they need to learn hundreds of comprehension strategies to effectively teach reading, that’s just not true. In my many years as a classroom teacher and education consultant, I’ve come to realize that only 12 comprehension strategies are really needed. When you understand these strategies and how readers apply them, you will be able to teach comprehension with any text. They’re essential for students to learn and important for teachers to teach, and they produce powerful results. (Excerpt from Next Step Forward in Guided Reading, 2016, Scholastic, p. 255.) What are the big 12 comprehension strategies? Comprehension monitoring, retelling, clarifying vocabulary, asking and answering questions, identifying main idea and details, analyzing characters, analyzing relationships, inferring, summarizing, evaluating, using text features and understanding text structure. For step-by-step guidelines on teaching each strategy, see chapter 7 of Next Step Forward in Guided Reading, now available from Scholastic Teacher Store.