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Literacy Tip of the Week: Week of February 22nd

posted Feb 25, 2015, 10:51 AM by Courtney Richardson

Prompting During Reading

Prompting during reading is one of the most powerful and also challenging parts of the guided reading lesson.  When working with emergent and early readers, I often prompt the student to use the information system he or she is ignoring.  For example, if the student makes an error that makes sense such as "hidden" for "hiding", I might say, "Does that look right?  Check it with your finger." On the other hand, if the student makes an error that does not make sense such as "rist" for "raised", I would say, "Does that make sense?  Think about the story."  Something else that helps me select powerful prompts is to consider the following hierarchy of strategic processing:

- monitor for meaning

- decoding

- fluency

- vocabulary

- comprehension

If the student ignores meaning, I prompt for that strategy.  If the student stops and monitors the error but needs help decoding the word, I use decoding prompts.  If the reading is accurate but slow, I prompt for fluency.  If the reader is accurate and fluent, I consider prompts that teach vocabulary or probe for deeper comprehension.  If you find there is nothing for you to scaffold, you might have chosen a book that is too easy. 

You will find the specific language to use with each of these prompting areas on page 295 of my book.  What you say matters!